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Upper Mustang lies in the northern part of the Mustang district in Nepal. Easy tips for upper Mustang trek will help you make the best of your journey to the forbidden kingdom. This area was once a restricted kingdom, preserving its rich culture and traditions. 

Upper Mustang offers an adventure filled with culture. Trek through this remote area to see its rugged beauty and ancient history. Meet friendly locals in villages and learn about their traditions. The landscape is stunning, with barren terrain and tall peaks. Follow narrow paths with Tibetan-style buildings and visit old monasteries. The Upper Mustang trek offers an unforgettable journey through its natural and cultural heritage. It is one of the treks in Nepal that holds spiritual and cultural significance.

Obtain a restricted area trekking permit before your trek. Remember to follow the guidelines in the permit throughout your journey. 

Introduction to the cultural and natural attractions.

The Kingdom of Mustang is rich in both cultural and natural aspects.

  • Lo Manthang: Lo Manthang is home to various ancient Buddhist monasteries. Some of them are Thubchen Gompa, Jampa Lhakhang, and Chode Monastery.
  • Traditional villages: Traditional villages in upper Mustang, such as Kagbeni, Charang, and Ghemi, give you a glimpse into the local lifestyle.
  • Breathtaking view of the Himalayas: During the Upper Mustang hike, you can enjoy the view of various snow-capped peaks. Annapurna and Dhaulagiri mountain range will leave you mesmerized.
  • Endangered wildlife: Upper Mustang is home to many endangered animals and birds. Many wildlife photographers visit Mustang to capture these rare animals.
view from upper mustang
Easy Tips for Upper Mustang Trek 4

Importance of Preparation and Tips for Upper Mustang Trek

Preparation and tips for your Upper Mustang trek are important. They help you have a safe and fun adventure. Knowing what to expect and packing the right gear makes everything easier.

Importance of Preparation and Tips for Upper Mustang Trek includes :

  • Safety: Preparation ensures you’re equipped to handle the challenges of the trek.
  • Comfort: Packing essentials like comfortable clothing, sturdy shoes, and a lightweight backpack.
  • Health: Prior preparation allows you to focus on staying hydrated, eating well, and getting enough rest during the trek. This supports your overall health and energy levels.
  • Cultural Experience: Learning about local customs and traditions beforehand enriches your cultural experience. 
  • Emergency Preparedness: Knowing basic first aid and having a contingency plan in case of emergencies is crucial. 
  • Enjoyment: Ultimately, preparation and tips enhance your enjoyment of the Upper Mustang trek.

The upper Mustang trek route is not easy, and you can face various challenges on your way. So, get ready, pack smart, and enjoy every moment of your Upper Mustang trek.

Read more: Upper Mustang Alternative Trek

Easy Tips for Trek in Upper Mustang

They help you navigate the rugged terrain and high altitudes safely. Similarly, they can help collect information on what to expect in the Upper Mustang on your way.

Here are some Simple tips that can make a big difference in your Upper Mustang journey.

  • Book your lodgings in advance,
  • Hire a knowledgeable local guide,
  • Pack light,
  • Bring warm clothing and a good pair of trekking boots.

Fitness and Training

Preparing your body and mind before the Upper Mustang trek is wise. Book your trekking a few months in advance and prepare accordingly to meet your fitness goal. 

These fitness and training exercises can help to make your trekking experience smooth and memorable.

  • Cardiovascular exercise: Cardiovascular exercise like jogging, cycling, running, and hiking is important before going on a hike. Cardio helps to increase your endurance and longevity.
  • Strength training: Strength training for your legs, core, and upper body will help you through rough trails and high-altitude areas. It will also help you maintain balance and carry your backpack without losing your breath.
  • Yoga and Pilates: Yoga and Pilates will help you improve your flexibility and mobility. Stretching, lengthening, and reducing strains will help you avoid stiffness during your trek.

Trekking trail according to Weather and Seasonal considerations

The trekking trail to the upper Mustang varies on seasonal conditions throughout the year.


Spring(March to May) is the best time to trek to Upper Mustang. In spring, days are warmer and clearer, and you can witness a clear view of the mountain range this time. You also get to trek while enjoying the beautiful view of blooming rhododendrons.


There are better seasons to travel to Upper Mustang than Summer(June-August). There is a high chance of rain in this season. Rain causes muddy and slippery trails. Forests and trails are filled with leaches in summer. Still, If you enjoy the rain, the view of green mountains and lush forests you should come here during summer.


Autumn (September to November) is a popular time for trekking after spring. The weather is calm and clear around this time of year. You can enjoy clear and picturesque views of the mountains in the autumn season.


Winter is also not the appropriate time to trek in the Upper Mustang. The temperature often drops below zero won’t be able to enjoy your journey in this season. It is also hard to find proper accommodation in winter.

Packing Tips and Trek itinerary

Packing tips

Necessities vary from person to person and also change according to the season. Before your trek, consult with your trekking agency about packing requirements for the Upper Mustang.

Basic packing tips for your trek to Upper Mustang include:

  • Clothing: Lightweight Thermal set, Hiking pants.waterproof down jackets, comfortable socks.
  • Footwear: Wear sturdy, waterproof footwear with good ankle support. For the evenings, carry comfortable camp shoes and sandals.
  • Equipment: If you are not traveling with any agency or travel company, carry a light sleeping bag suitable for all seasons.  Also, remember to bring flashlights and spare batteries.
  • Personal Items: Remember to pack Personal hygiene products. Which includes: Soap, toothpaste, wet wipes, 
  • SPF: sunscreen, balms, and insect repellent.
  • First Aid kit: Prepare a first aid kit with essentials. Don’t forget bandages and medication.
  • Navigation: Bring a Map, GPS device, or guidebook for navigation.

Upper Mustang Trek Itinerary

A simple 12-day trek itinerary for your trek to the Upper Mustang.

  • Day 1: Arrival in Kathmandu and day tour inside the Valley.
  • Day 2:  Traveling from Kathmandu to Pokhara ( by bus or flight). Explore the beautiful Pokhara and lakeside.
  • Day 3: Fly from Pokhara to Jomsom and trek to Kagbeni. Begin your Upper Mustang trek, which will be filled with adventure and breathtaking scenes.
  • Day 4:  Trek from Kagbeni to Chele while enjoying the scenic villages and Buddhist Chortens.
  • Day 5:  Gradually move towards Syanboche from Chele. Meanwhile, enjoy the views of gorgeous mountains.
  • Day 6: Trek from Syanboche to Ghami. Cross the Nyi La pass and visit the cultural heritage of the Mustang region.
  • Day 7: Ghami to Charing trek while visiting ancient Ghar Gompa monastery.
  • Day 8: Charang to Lo Manthang (Capital of Upper Mustang). Walk through the walled city of Lo Manthang and engage in the local lifestyle.
  • Day 9: Trek back from Lo Manthang to Kagbeni, pace yourself, and savor every moment.
  • Day 10: Trek from Kagbeni to Jomsom and catch a flight to Pokhara from Kagbeni.
  • Day 11: Pokhara to Kathmandu: Travel back to Kathmandu from Pokhara. Enjoy your last day in Nepal by Trying local food and exploring various sites inside the valley.
  • Day 12: Departure from Kathmandu with beautiful memories of your trek in Nepal. 

Best time for Trek 

March to May: 

During this time of the year, you will witness mild weather, clear skies, and colorful landscapes. Traveling to Upper Mustang between March and May gives you a wonderful experience.

sky view from upper mustang
Easy Tips for Upper Mustang Trek 5

September to November: 

Autumn is a perfect time to trek because of the comfortable temperature. You can witness golden hues and beautiful views of the surrounding  Mountains in autumn. Each season has its special moments and experiences. If you want to avoid cold, harsh weather and the monsoon, spring and autumn are ideal.

Cultural Sensitivity of kingdom of lo.

The Kingdom of Lo is a culturally sensitive region in the northern part of the Mustang district. Local communities in upper Mustang will welcome visitors with open arms. Visitors should respect their ancient traditions and local culture.

It is important to follow their guidelines and dress modestly. To, better adapt to their lifestyle, listen to their stories participate in their festivals.

Respect their customs and traditions. Asking permission before entering a monastery or taking a picture will show how you appreciate their culture. Doing so will make your journey memorable and preserve their heritage.

Acclimatization and Altitude sickness

Visitors generally suffer from Altitude sickness in the Upper Mustang area. Proper acclimatization and preventing altitude sickness are important while trekking.

  • Ascent slowly and pace yourself.
  • Drink enough water and take frequent breaks.
  • Maintain a balanced diet.
  • Take medications and descend if your sickness gets worse.
  • If you don’t have trekking experience, take a trek guide and porter.

Safety Measures and Emergency Preparedness

Prepare for emergencies and know safety measures. They will help you handle unexpected problems during the trek.

  • Trekking Guide: Hiring an Upper Mustang Trek guide will help you in many ways. A guide can help you provide navigation support, first aid, and more.
  • Trekking Permits: You must carry the Restricted and Annapurna Conservation Area permits.
  • Weather Forecast: Check the weather forecast regularly. Prepare yourself for sudden weather changes.
  • First aid kit: Pack a well-stocked first-aid kit with essential supplies.
  • Travel Insurance: Purchase travel insurance that covers all your activities and medical treatment. Keep a copy of your insurance and emergency contact information.

Pre-Trek Preparation

  • Preparing for a trek in the Upper Mustang is like preparing for a journey filled with adventure and discovery.
  • Research and plan
  • Maintain physical fitness
  • Gather all the necessary gear and equipment.
  • Familiarize yourself with altitude sickness and acclimatization.
  • Gather all permits and documentation.
  • Pack lightweight yet well-equipped with essential items.
  • Prioritize your health and safety.


Is it easy for non-Nepalese to enter the Upper Mustang?

Yes, they can enter with a permit.

How much does it cost to go to Upper Mustang? 

The Upper Mustang trek costs around 1700-3500 USD

What is the highest altitude of Upper Mustang?       

Upper Mustang lies at an altitude of around 4000m.

How difficult is the Upper Mustang trek?  

It is a moderate trek if you are physically fit and properly acclimatize during the trek.


The Upper Mustang region is a moderate trek destination that offers the perfect combination of cultural heritage and natural beauty. 

Tips like packing light, preparing wisely, and prioritizing your safety will easily help in your Upper Mustang trek. Remember to carry your permits and emergency contacts with you all the time. 

Tej Bahadur Gurung

With an experience of almost two decades, founder Mr. Tej Bahadur Gurung has established Nepal Alternative Treks as a widely recognized and reliable tourism operator. His degree in Tourism Studies and devotion to the sector has given him in-depth knowledge about trekking, climbing, cultural, and geological aspects of the country. He is a pioneer in introducing the concept of ‘off-beaten tracks’ and ‘alternative routes’ as well as treks and tour packages surrounding it.

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