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The route to the Annapurna Base Camp (ABC) is moderately easy but it is best to learn how to prepare for Annapurna Base Camp Trek before you start your journey. We have compiled all the information you need for the ABC Trek preparation.

The Annapurna Base Camp lies in the western region of Nepal. It lies at an elevation of 4,130 meters (13,550 feet) above sea level. The base camp sits at the lap of Mt. Annapurna which is the world’s tenth highest mountain. It is a popular route among trekkers.

Your trek will begin from Nayapul, Pokhara. It is a perfect trek to explore scenic landscapes, luscious forest paths, charming villages, culture, and traditions of the Annapurna Region. The trek will take you through the forests of rhododendrons, oaks, bamboo, and alpine meadows. During spring you can witness the rhododendron forest in full bloom. You will also pass through the Annapurna Conservation Area where you can witness diverse biodiversity.

annapurna base camp
How To Prepare For Annapurna Base Camp Trek? 3

The best season for Annapurna Base Camp Trek is spring (March to May) and autumn (September to November). The perfect weather condition makes it ideal for trekking. Similarly, you can see clear mountains like Annapurna, Machapuchare (Fishtail), Gangapurna, Hiuchuli, and many more. You can also witness the most beautiful sunrise from Poonhill.

The route is suitable for first-time trekkers. There is also no age restriction for ABC Trek. But it is important to prepare properly beforehand. You have to be physically and mentally prepared for the trek. So read this guide until the end to know how to prepare for Annapurna Base Camp Trek!

Mental Preparation For Annapurna Base Camp Trek

The Annapurna Base Camp Trek takes a mental toll on many trekkers. Trekkers often underestimate the ABC route. Since the route is classified as moderately difficult, trekkers feel they can easily conquer the route. However, it is far from the truth.

You should mentally prepare yourself for a 5 to 8-hour daily uphill walk to the base camp. Also, remember your backpack. You have to carry your backpack while you climb up and down the trail. It will get more strenuous as you move to higher altitudes. The oxygen level starts to drop and it gets hard to hike up and down the hilly path. Sometimes weather can change abruptly, adding to the challenge.

These can take mental pressure on trekkers. There are no facilities like luxury sleeping quarters, wifi, or air-conditioning in some areas. So manage your expectations and be mentally prepared for Annapurna Base Camp Trek. You can end up highly disappointed if you have high expectations.

Physically Preparation For Annapurna Base Camp Trek

As we mentioned before, Annapurna Base Camp Trek is considered moderately difficult. There are no age restrictions and it is perfect for first-time trekkers. However, you need to prepare for the trek. You have to climb an uphill trail for 5 to 8 hours daily with your backpack on your back. As you ascend to the higher altitude, the lower oxygen level makes the climb more physically demanding. Descending downhill is just as challenging as climbing.

Similarly, some parts of the trail have rugged terrain. You can hire porters if you want to trek burden-free. But you still need to be prepared to walk 15 km a day. As a result, it is important to train yourself to prepare for the ABC Trek. Jogging, hiking, cycling, and climbing stairs can help to improve your physical strength and endurance.

Exercises like push-ups, pull-ups, and squats can also help to strengthen your overall body. Fitness, stamina, and endurance are important for conquering the ABC Trek route.

Documents and Paperwork

As an international traveler, you need to get all the documents and paperwork sorted. Without a proper visa and paperwork, you cannot travel around Nepal. So what are the documents and paperwork you need to prepare for ABC Trek? These include the following:


Most tourists travel to Nepal on a tourist visa. This visa allows you to travel across Nepal, and participate in different activities including trekking. You can get a tourist visa on arrival at the Tribhuvan International Airport. Another way to get the visa in advance is from the Nepal embassy in your respective country.

Trekking Permits

The ABC Trek requires trekkers to take two trekking permits. These trekking permits include TIMS (Transport Information Management System) and ACAP (Annapurna Conservation Area Permit).

The TIMS permits are different for solo and group trekkers. Based on your trekking requirements, you can get the TIMS permits. Meanwhile, the ACAP is required by all trekkers who are entering the Annapurna region. The ABC Trek route requires the trekkers to walk through the forest areas of Annapurna Conservation Area. The ACAP is the permit that gives you access to the conservation area.

You can get the permits in Kathmandu and Pokhara. You can also get these permits on the trails. We recommend that you get them before starting your trek. There are checkpoints in various places along the route. You will be required to show the permit and if you fail, you have to pay a fine.


Another important document that you need to prepare for Annapurna Base Camp Trek is the insurance. We strongly recommend you get travel insurance that has trekking, medical, and emergency coverage. The ABC route has its risks. As you move to the higher altitude, the weather becomes unpredictable. Sometimes you can come across unforeseen accidents or emergencies. The insurance will come in handy at such times.

Similarly, travel insurance can also compensate in case of baggage loss, trip cancellations, or trip postponements. Make sure you completely understand the terms and conditions of the insurance policy. Also, ensure that your insurance covers everything you need to prepare for Annapurna Base Camp Trek.

Guide and Porter Insurance

As per the latest regulation for trekking in Nepal, it is mandatory to have a guide if you plan to trek to the ABC. Similarly, trekking with a heavy backpack physically exhausts you. So, hiring a porter helps you to enjoy the trek burden-free.

Any reputable trekking agency provides insurance for the guide and porters. It covers their medical, emergency, and other risk-related insurance. You can check your contract with the trekking agency to ensure that the guide and porter accompanying you have insurance. We strongly recommend that you inquire about the details with your agency.

Accommodation For Trek

You will come across many tea houses, lodges, and guest houses. Your trekking agency usually arranges the accommodations. But you choose them according to your comfort. It is best that you arrange accommodations before you begin your trek. In peak season, hotels and lodges get fully booked.

Do not expect luxurious hotels while on the trek. Your choices will be limited to tea houses, lodges, and guesthouses. But do not worry it will provide you with basic comforts. All these accommodations have facilities like toilets and showers. In some lodges, you may have to share them. Most of these accommodations are budget-friendly with basic facilities. But there are also lodges with facilities like wifi and air-conditioning.

Altitude Sickness and Ways To Acclimatize

The drop in oxygen level leads to altitude sickness. The Annapurna Base Camp is at a relatively lower elevation of 4,130 meters. Thus, the risk of altitude sickness is also lower. It does not mean that some trekkers may not experience slight discomfort. Unlike Everest Base Camp Trek, you do not have to take a rest day for acclimatization. But watch out for altitude sickness symptoms and avoid rapid ascending to higher altitude. You should stay informed about altitude sickness and prepare for Annapurna Base Camp Trek.

The symptoms of altitude sickness include shortness of breath, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, headache, and rapid heart rate. You have to take these symptoms seriously. You should pay attention to your body. Do not underestimate the symptoms you are experiencing. If not treated properly, it can prove to be fatal, even leading to death. Resting and taking medication can help reduce the symptoms. However, if the symptoms persist, descend to the lower altitude.

Acclimatization is important to reduce the risk of altitude sickness. It allows your body to adjust to the lower oxygen level at higher altitude. The best way to acclimatize is to gradually climb to a higher altitude. You can include rest days in your itinerary for this.

The other ways include staying hydrated and avoiding excessive consumption of alcohol and tobacco. Adequate rest and sleep also help to adjust your body to the altitude. There are medications like acetazolamide which can help prevent and reduce altitude sickness. If you are on medications, consult with healthcare professionals before you begin your trek.


Trekkers need to prepare for Annapurna Base Camp Trek despite being physically fit. They must ascend, descend on varied terrains, and climb around 3,000 stairs to reach the base camp. It takes a physical as well as mental toll on trekkers. Although the altitude is comparatively lower than other base camps like Everest Base Camp, there is still the risk of altitude sickness.

Therefore, prepare yourself mentally and physically for the trek. Train your body to improve your endurance before the trek. Take necessary precautions and fully prepare for Annapurna Base Camp Trek.

Tej Bahadur Gurung

With an experience of almost two decades, founder Mr. Tej Bahadur Gurung has established Nepal Alternative Treks as a widely recognized and reliable tourism operator. His degree in Tourism Studies and devotion to the sector has given him in-depth knowledge about trekking, climbing, cultural, and geological aspects of the country. He is a pioneer in introducing the concept of ‘off-beaten tracks’ and ‘alternative routes’ as well as treks and tour packages surrounding it.

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