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Tsum Valley trek difficulty depends on your physical fitness and trekking experience. The trail will take you to the Manaslu region and Tsum Valley of Gorkha Nepal. This region is known for its beautiful landscape and rich Tibetan Buddhist culture. It would help if you had a Tsum Valley permit and a Manaslu permit to trek in the Tsum Valley.

With its ancient monasteries, friendly locals, and serene environment, Tsum Valley feels like a journey back in time.

Factors Influencing Tsum Valley Trek Difficulty

  Factors influencing the Manaslu and Tsum Valley trek difficulty are

  • Altitude variations:  As the altitude increases, the oxygen level drops, which causes altitude sickness, fatigue, and difficulty breathing.
  • Terrain challenges: Steepness, ruggedness, and elevation gain can directly impact your experience throughout the trek. Trekking in the Himalayas is never easy, but if you prepare beforehand and wear proper gear, the Tsum Valley trekking trail is not so bad.
  • Weather Conditions: Weather conditions like rain and snow are most common in the Tsum Valley. Planning and preparing your itinerary accordingly for your Tsum Valley trek can hugely benefit you.
  • Seasonal Variations: Seasonal variation can directly impact your trekking journey. Tsum Valley experiences various weather patterns, just like every other trek destination in Nepal.

Even though every season in Tsum has something beautiful, it’s best to research beforehand. It will help you overcome the difficulty of the Tsum Valley trek. If you don’t enjoy winter and cold, harsh weather conditions, you should wait for spring and autumn( March to May). 

Detailed Analysis of Tsum Valley Trek Difficulty

Physical Demands

Physical demands and Training recommendations to prepare for Trek Valley.

  • Cardio(cardiovascular exercise): Cardio consists of jogging, running, swimming, and cycling. Cardio training will help you get into shape and prepare for your trek. You don’t need any special equipment or trainers for cardio.
  • Strength training: Strength training involves squats, hiking, and more. Strength training with an appropriate diet will help you increase your stamina. Better stamina and physical shape will make any challenging trek easy for you.
  • Breathing exercise: Trekking in high-altitude mountains often leaves you short of breath. Meditation and breathing exercises can help you overcome altitude sickness.
  • Yoga: Yoga can help you cope with stress and anxiety. A clear head and healthy mind will make your trekking adventure memorable. Regular practice can provide a calming effect.

Technical Challenges

Evaluation of Technical aspects, Discussion on the need for trekking experience and basic skills, and Guidance on handling technical challenges.

The high altitude and rough terrain of the  Manaslu region can bring  some technical challenges like:

Altitude Sickness: Altitude sickness is a primary challenge while trekking in high-altitude areas like the Tsum. Proper acclimatization and gradual ascents are essential to minimize the risk. 

Narrow trails: The Tsum Valley trek consists of very narrow trails that present numerous challenges.

Remote location:  Its remote location makes accessing medical services and modern facilities difficult. While trekking in this region, bring basic first aid kits and medical supplies.

Supply Shortages:  Supplies are insufficient in remote regions. Bring necessary items like medications, snacks, and personal hygiene products. You won’t be able to buy them in remote valleys. 

Physical Demands: The trekking routes are demanding, with steep ascents and descents. Good physical fitness is essential, and it is wise to train beforehand to handle the rigors of the trek.

Cultural sensitivity: It is essential to respect local customs and traditional values while you stay in Tsum. Sometimes, they can be challenging to follow through.

It would be best to prepare yourself physically to minimize these challenges. You can also travel with a trekking agency or hire an experienced tour guide. 

Comparative Difficulty Analysis

 If we compare Tsum with other trails, it is less developed than more popular routes. It is steeper and narrower, and you also need to cross wooden bridges and rocky paths. 

The altitude can also be challenging, as parts of the trek go above 4,000 meters (13,000 feet). The Tsum trek is generally lower than Everest Base Camp and the Annapurna circuit trek.

Everest Base Camp Trek: The Everest Base Camp Trek is one of the world’s most famous and challenging treks. It involves hiking to high altitudes,  challenging terrain, and altitude sickness. Tsum Valley trek is less challenging regarding altitude but has its difficulties, like long, steep, and narrow trails.

Everest base camp
Tsum Valley Trek Difficulty 4

Annapurna Circuit Trek: The Annapurna Circuit Trek is a popular destination after the Everest base camp trekking in Nepal. It’s longer and involves crossing the Thorong La Pass at over 5,400 meters (17,769 feet). The Tsum Valley trek is an easier destination than the ACT. However, the Tsum Valley trek has its challenges. This trek is moderately difficult compared to many famous trekking destinations in Nepal. Trekkers should still prepare for long trek routes, different weather conditions, and rough terrain.

  • The Tsum Valley trek is a more accessible destination than the ACT. 
  • The Tsum Valley trek has its challenges. It is moderately complex compared to many famous trekking destinations in Nepal. Trekkers should still prepare for long treks, facing different weather and rough ground.
  • Tsum Valley offers a unique experience. It is remote and rich in culture. Trekking is on moderate to difficult trails. The infrastructure is isolated and less developed.
  • The Annapurna Circuit and Everest Base Camp treks are more challenging due to their higher altitudes and demanding terrain.

Safety Measures and Precautions for Your Trek in Nepal

Safety measures and precautions help to avoid potential risks. They also ensure you are equipped to handle any threat throughout your journey.  To reduce and handle any risks on your trek, make sure you are 

Physical fitness:  This trek includes rocky terrains and long hours of hiking without any help from a vehicle. Make sure you are in the right shape before your hike.

Trek permits: Ensure you have the required permits for your Tsum Valley and Manaslu trek.

Acclimatization: It is crucial to acclimatize properly, ascend gradually, and take regular breaks while trekking in this region. Don’t rush. Just because everyone else is in good condition doesn’t mean you are, too. Stay hydrated

Taking a trekking guide:  Trek guides and porters will be a safe choice, especially if you are a beginner. 

Food and Water:  Always drink safe drinking water—use purification tablets or a filter. Eat well-cooked food to avoid food poisoning. Carry an anti-diarrhea medication.

Respect Local Customs: The people of Tsum Valley have their customs and traditions. Dress modestly, ask for permission before taking photos, and be respectful at religious sites.

Emergency contacts:  Carry a fully charged mobile device with emergency numbers. Let someone know your itinerary and check in regularly.

Tips for Overcoming Trek Difficulty

Tsum Valley trek tests your physical and mental endurance. Long hikes in Rough terrain and high-altitude areas can drain your energy. However, you can make the Tum Valley trek more enjoyable with the right strategies.  Some tips to make your trek manageable include:

  • Physical fitness: Stay in shape, maintain stamina, and prepare for challenges. This will help you easily overcome any difficulties. 
  • Proper gear: Although traveling through the Himalayan region of Nepal is difficult, adequate gear and trekking poles will make your trek much more accessible.
  • Listen to your body: Stay hydrated and pace yourself through the trek. This will minimize your difficulties.
  • Support network: A support network or companions is necessary while traveling through remote areas. They can help you through many difficulties and emergency injuries.
  • Flexibility: Increasing physical and mental flexibility will help you throughout your journey.
  • Tsum Valley trek map: Carry a map with you if you are not traveling with an experienced companion.

Cultural And Natural Highlights Of The Region

Tsum Valley was not open to outsiders until a decade ago, which helped preserve the ancient traditions and culture. It would help to have a trekking permit to visit this secluded valley.

One of the cultural highlights of Tsum Valley is the Mu Gompa, a monastery perched high on a hill with breathtaking views. It is one of the oldest and most important monasteries in the region. Another significant site is the Rachen Gompa, known for its vibrant murals and spiritual significance.

This region has a rich natural and cultural tapestry. Majestic peaks like Ganesh Himal and Manaslu Himal are the main attractions of this trekking region.

Description of the Tsum Valley Region And Its Location 

Tsum Valley lies in the Manaslu region, in the northern part of the Gorkha district. It is full of Buddhist monasteries and prayer flags, reflecting its solid religious importance. Tsum Valley is close to the border with Tibet.

Tsum Valley Trekking
Tsum Valley Trek Difficulty 5

It is part of the larger Manaslu region, with rugged terrain and majestic mountains. Although the valley has been somewhat isolated for centuries, it has managed to preserve its traditional Tibetan Buddhist culture and way of life.

Tsum Valley Trek Itinerary And Access Points

The Tsum Valley trek itinerary might vary according to your trek package. Normally, this trek requires 16 days and begins in Solti Khola, about a 6-hour drive from Kathmandu.

From there, trekkers follow the route along the:

  • Budhi Gandagi River
  • Through Khorlabesi, 
  • Tatopani, Dovan,
  • Yaru Bagar, Philim,
  • Tekle Bhatti, Chisapani, and Lokpa. 

Trek From Lokpa

From Lokpa, there are two ways: one that takes you to the Manaslu Circuit Trek and another to the Tsum Valley trek. Follow the Tsum Valley trail along the lush forests and suspension bridges. Cross the rock-holding cantilever bridge to Lokpa, Chumling. Chhokampar. Chhekampar is the entrance to Upper Tsum Valley.

The Upper Tsum Valley has many beautiful villages, including Chhekampar, Leru, Lama Gaon, Burji, Phurbe, Chule, and Nile. No roads and modern infrastructure are developed here. This has left this region untouched and isolated. Understanding the difficulty level for trekkers planning to explore Tsum Valley is essential.


The Tsum Valley trek is average to difficult compared to another famous routes. It involves walking on rough paths through beautiful villages and hills. The Tsum Valley trek is easier than other treks that go high up, but you still need to be fit and ready to walk for hours. Along the way, you’ll see amazing views of snowy mountains and visit old Buddhist temples. It’s a bit difficult, but it is worth it. You can visit sacred ancient pilgrimage sites. You can also see scenic landscapes and experience life in the Himalayas.


How Many days is the Tsum Valley trek?

The Tsum Valley trek takes 12-16 days to complete. It can also vary on the itinerary you choose.

How high is the Tsum Valley?

Tsum Valley lies at an altitude of 2000-3500m.

What is the history of Tsum Valley?

Tsum Valley is famous for its ancient Tibetan Buddhist monasteries, cultural heritage, and sacred pilgrimage sites. It attracts lots of trekkers and spiritual seekers.

Is Tsum Valley worth it?

The Hidden Valley of Tsum is worth it. It has the perfect mix of heritage and beauty.  

Tej Bahadur Gurung

With an experience of almost two decades, founder Mr. Tej Bahadur Gurung has established Nepal Alternative Treks as a widely recognized and reliable tourism operator. His degree in Tourism Studies and devotion to the sector has given him in-depth knowledge about trekking, climbing, cultural, and geological aspects of the country. He is a pioneer in introducing the concept of ‘off-beaten tracks’ and ‘alternative routes’ as well as treks and tour packages surrounding it.

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